1940 First Indexer Award

The displayer of this badge certifies that he or she is a proud indexer of the 1940 Census.

1. Name: Pam Reid

2. First Indexed: April 2, 2012

3. First Batch: Big Creek Precinct, Baker County, Oregon

4. Favorite experience: The Deland, Volusia County, Florida batches enumerated by Ida M. Mott, neat and beautiful handwriting, meticulous attention to detail. I miss Ida.

5. I learned about this award from the blog of: The Ancestry Insider (http://ancestryinsider.blogspot.com/2012/04/1940-first-indexer-award.html)

If you want to help index, visit http://indexing.familysearch.org.


Award Rules

To earn this award you must index or arbitrate at least one batch of the 1940 Census. Once you have submitted a batch:

1. Copy this entire post, including the rules.
2. Replace the answers to the questions.
3. If you wish, replace the badge with a different size or background. Pick from the choices at http://ancestryinsider.blogspot.com/2012/04/1940-census-award-badges.html
3. Post on your blog.
4. Display the award with pride alongside other awards and badges on your site.


A Titanic Survivor and Six Degrees of Separation

The occupants of the boat left to right: A W Petherick, Alfred Hedley Hines,, Hedley Francis Hines, Robert Victor Hines, Les Hussey, and Orlando Jewell with his arm on the tiller. Hedley Francis Hines is the son of Captain Hedley Samuel Hines and Orlando Jewell is the son of John Jewell and brother of Archie Jewell. The two Hines boys are grandsons of Captain Hedley Samuel Hines.

Six degrees of separation is the theory that anyone on the planet can be connected to any other person on the planet through a chain of acquaintances that has no more than five intermediaries – this story involves people who were much closer than the theory’s five intermediaries. It involves my husband’s great-grandfather and the son of his ship’s mate on the Ant – a ship involved in an accident at sea that almost killed both great-grandfather Hines AND his mate, John Jewell.

On April 10th 1912 the Titanic sailed from Southampton with 2,200 passengers and crew. On April 14, 1912, the Titanic collided with an iceberg and sank. 1500 people died and 700 survived. Titanic collided with the iceberg at about 11.40 pm on 14th April. She sank below the water at 2.20 am the next morning. A ship which had taken three years to fully construct was sunk in less than three hours.1

The 100th anniversary of this maritime disaster is a proper time to share a family story that includes a “six degrees of separation” relationship to a Titanic survivor.

My husband’s maternal grandmother, Bessie Hines, immigrated to America from Bude, Cornwall in 1913. Bessie Hines was the daughter of Hedley Samuel Hines, a ship captain in Bude, Cornwall. Hedley Hines captained freighters that hauled coal from South Wales as well as other merchandise. This is the story of one of his voyages. The incident described happened during the Great Blizzard of 1891.

The Great Blizzard of March 1891 affected many parts of Great Britain, particularly the South West. The strong gales and heavy snowfall hit Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Herefordshire and Kent. London was also hit by the strong winds and snowfalls. The devastation left behind included uprooted trees and many fences and roofs were blown away. Ships on the seas were stranded on rocks and ran aground due to lack of visibility. The storms were so ferocious that much of Cornwall and Devon was cut off from the rest of Britain for four days between 9th and 13th March, 1891. In this time, over 200 people were killed as well as 6,000 animals.2

“Mr. Jewell sailed out of Bude in various vessels belonging to that Port. He had extraordinary recollections of his experiences and dangers which he encountered when at sea during the great blizzard of 1891. At this time he was mate of the 95-ton Ketch Ant, owned by the late Mr. H. Stapleton, of Bude, and was on a voyage from Saundersfoot (S. Wales), to Ipswich, loaded with a cargo of coal. The vessel was blown miles out of her course, and was eventually sighted on March 14, after drifting for ten days, by Capt. Burton of the Astrea in the Bay of Biscay.

A record of the event contained in The Blizzard of the West, March 1891, printed at Devonport, says: ‘Capt. Burton sighted the Ant some miles off with the sails down and flying a signal of distress. Capt. Burton sent alongside a boat’s crew, who found the Captain, H. Hines, and a sailor named Jewell, wrapped in the mainsail in a shocking state and barely able to speak. Their hands and legs were so swollen from frostbite and exposure, that they could not handle anything or lift themselves up to stand. After administering brandy and medicine they recovered sufficiently to inform their rescuers that the Ant was 10 days out from Saundersfoot and that four days before a lad named Stapleton (nephew of the owner), had died from exposure and his body had been thrown overboard. The Ketch Ant was taken into Plymouth in a disabled condition.”3

Capt. H. Hines was my husband’s great-grandfather, Hedley Hines. The “sailor named Jewell” was John Jewell, also of Bude, Cornwall. John Jewell’s youngest son was a man named Archie Jewell. Archie Jewell survived the Titanic disaster.

Archie signed on to Titanic as one of the 6 lookout men. On the night of 14 April 1912 he had worked the 8pm to 10pm shift and was in his berth when the ship struck the iceberg at 11.40pm (had the ship not struck the iceberg his next watch period would have been 2am to 4am). He was one of the first to leave the ship in lifeboat 7 at 12.45pm. It left from the starboard side with 28 people on board, the capacity was 65 (Writer’s Note – stop and consider this fact for a moment – the lifeboat had 26 people on board, yet had the capacity to have saved 65 lives).4

Archie’s lifeboat made it to the Carpathia safely. Both Archie and his father survived deadly maritime disasters. Sadly, Archie died 17th April, 1917, in WWI when the his ship was hit by a torpedo from a German submarine in the English Channel.5

There is our family’s “Six Degrees of Separation Story.” John’s great-grandfather survived a marine disaster with the father of a man who would later become a survivor of the Titanic disaster.

NOTE: In researching this story, I learned of a seaman who did indeed have incredible luck. His name was John Priest. John Priest was a hand on the Titanic and survived. He later survived the sinking of the Britannica  (Archie Jewell’s family believes that Archie was a survivor of that as well) and was also a survivor of the same torpedoed ship in WWI on which Archie Jewell died.


1. “Titanic FAQs.” Titanic Info. Web. 14 Apr. 2012. <http://www.the-titanic.com/Titanic-FAQs.aspx&gt;.

2.  “Plymouth Local History.” : The Great Blizzard of March 1891. Web. 14 Apr. 2012. <http://plymouthlocalhistory.blogspot.com/2010/01/great-blizzard-of-march-1891.html&gt;.

3. “AT SEA IN A BLIZZARD: Bude Seaman Found Wrapped In The Mainsail.” Encyclopedia Titanica. Web. 14 Apr. 2012. .From an article published in the Cornwall & Devon Post, Friday 24 January 1936.

4. “RMS Titanic Facts and History: Titanic Passenger and Crew Biography…” Encyclopedia Titanica. Web. 14 Apr. 2012. <http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/&gt;.

5. Ibid, Titanic Passenger and Crew Biography.

The Kimbrell Family in 1940

The information below was extracted from the 1940 United Census for the KIMBRELL family, living in the mill village of Lyman, South Carolina. Lois Brown Kimbrell was my father’s sister. I never knew her as she died when I was about 18 months old. There are some old photos of me with her and she was very beautiful. My father adored her and I don’t think he ever really got over her death.

Source: 1940 US Census, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, population schedule Lyman, Beechsprings Township, Enumeration District (ED) 42-13B . sheet number 116B., Line numbers 46-50 , Tyson Kimbrell; NARA digital images; http://1940census.archives.gove/ (accessed April 11, 2012)

From this image we learn the following about the Kimbrell Family.

On April 26, 1940, Lois Kimbrell provided the following information to the census taker, based on things as they were 25 days before, on April 1, 1940.

The KIMBRELL family was living at 12 Little Street, Lyman, South Carolina. They rented their home for $5 a month1 and had lived at this address in 1935 as well. All of the family members are white.

Tyson Kimbrell (the Head of House) was 28 years old on his last birthday. He was born in Georgia and completed 5 years of school. We learn that Tyson is a calender operator in the calender room2 of a textile mill. He worked 39 hours during the week of March 24-March 30, 1940. Tyson worked at the textile mill 51 weeks in 1939, earning $765 during the year for his work.

Lois Kimbrell, wife of Tyson, turned 25 on her last birthday. She  completed 5 years of school. Lois was born in South Carolina and is engaged in home housework. As she earned no wages, the housework must have been in her own home.

The other household members, children of Tyson and Lois Kimbrell are:

Loretta Kimbrell,  who turned 8 on his her birthday. Loretta was born in South Carolina and is a student in 1940. She has completed 2 years of school

A son, James E., turned 5 on his last birthday. He was also born in South Carolina and is not yet in school.

The youngest child, a daughter, Betty Ruth, turned 3 years old on her last birthday. Betty Ruth was born in South Carolina and is not yet in school.


1 – The houses in a mill village were owned by the mill and rented to the mill worker’s families for a very nominal monthly rent.

2 – A calender worker operated a machine which pressed using two large rollers (calenders) used to press and finish fabric.

NOTE:  The census should be used as a starting point. The information is given orally by a household member to the census taker. The household member might not remember correctly, the census taker might not hear correctly. Always confirm vital information in another source. Loretta Kimbrell was born 27 Aug 1931, so would have been 9 years old when this census was taken.

The photo of the house in the collage is not the actual house that the Kimbrells lived in. It is a very similar house located on Little Street.

Template for this extraction is based on the work of Spencer Fields, who is working towards a degree in Genealogy from Brigham Young University.

The 1940 US Census Community Project Needs YOU!

I am very excited about that 1940 US Census, which will be released April 2, 2012. My current BIG research project is my husband’s Alberding line – my latest posts have been about them. Grandfather Coenraad immigrated to the US in 1911 and his family was complete by the 1930 US Census. However, I have had some difficulty finding the families of some of his brothers and sisters and have high hopes for the 1940 US Census. The 1940 US Census should be a wonderful resource for new information on this family.

Upon its release, the 1940 US Census Community Project, a joint initiative between FamilySearch, findmypast.com, and Archives.com will coordinate efforts to provide quick access to these digital images and immediately start indexing these records to make them searchable online with free and open access.

Please help with indexing the 1940 US Census. The Census will not be searchable until it fully indexed and it will take tens of thousands of volunteers months to complete this task. It really isn’t difficult and indexing is quite interesting. The indexing initiative being sponsored, in part, by FamilySearch is called the 1940 US Census Community Project. More information about indexing and what YOU can do is available HERE!

No special skills are needed to index records and it a tremendous help to all who are doing family history. Pay it forward by giving your help to this indexing project. The more volunteers who are working on the indexing, the sooner it will be possible to search for YOUR family. The digital images will be available to everyone on April 2, but if you don’t know exactly where to look, you NEED the indexed records to make your search easier.

Sign up today to help. It is YOUR census. Indexing is a “feel good” way to spend some time. Don’t wait – the genealogical community needs your help! If that isn’t enough to get your interest, there are also contests to get people involved. Read about these contests at The 1940 US Census Blog – you can win Amazon gift cards, Kindle Fires, Yeti Microphones, iPads and more! Get signed up to be eligible for these great prizes.

Dutch Genealogy – The Alberding Family – A Scandal?

                                         Hendrika and Hendrick Alberding

UPDATE: I picked up the date of death for Coenraad Alberding incorrectly. The entry I used for for his great-great grandfather who died in 1809.  The date of death of Coenraad discussed below is undetermined.  He died before 1916, but was probably Hendrika’s natural father.

Chapter 2

Before I write about the Alberding siblings who stayed in Amsterdam, I need to back up a bit to some information uncovered since my last post. The City Archives of Amsterdam has some records online and I spent a long time searching for Alberding information there.  I found a “Funeral Book” that listed the date of death or funeral (it is all in Dutch, but I could make out the dates at least) for great-grandfather-in-law, Coenraad Abraham Alberding, Sr. as 29 Dec 1909 in Amsterdam.

I had found Hendrika in the Social Security Death Index where her date of birth is given as 23 Jan 1911. As I was entering  information on my grandfather-in-law’s parents and siblings into my genealogy database, a message popped up that Hendrika’s date of birth was after her father’s death. Hmmm – OK.  I rechecked all of the information and realized that she was born 11 months after Great-Grandfather Coenraad’s death.

I sent an email off to a cousin in Holland – the granddaughter of one of the Alberding siblings who did not immigrate to America – and asked her what she thought about this.  She replied that her Mum remembers her mother saying, “there were always uncles whom visited the house.” Lia continued, “so great-grand ma Johanna might have had a baby from one of them, when her husband had already died.” How deliciously scandalous! Genealogists live for discoveries like this one.

No one had ever said there was any question about who Aunt Riki’s father was.  Surely one of the older children must have realized that, doing the math, it did not add up that Coenraad, Sr. was Hendrika’s father.  The oldest of the children who did not immigrate was Adriana Kuiper nee Alberding.  Many of the children and grandchildren of Johanna never remember hearing an Adriana mentioned and guessed that there might have been a rift between Johanna and Adrianna. This discovery could well be the source of the rift as Adriana might have seriously disapproved of her mother giving birth to a baby 11 months after her father died.  Adriana herself was no angel, but I will save that story for another post.  The Alberding women would most certainly have been in favor of contraception – I have no doubt!

Dutch Genealogy – The Alberding Family and Ellis Island Records

Chapter One

My current research project concerns my husband’s maternal lines.  His mother’s maiden name was ALBERDING, her father an immigrant from The Netherlands.  This is a new kind of research for me.  Most of my direct family lines came to America in the 1600s and 1700s.  This is the first time I have needed to dig into immigration records, foreign records, etc. It is much more interesting than I could have imagined.

I am very grateful for the wonderful Ellis Island site with their easy to use and comprehensive database.  Of my great-grandparents in-law’s 10 children, 7 immigrated to the US.  My grandfather-in-law was the first of the children to immigrate, Coenraad Abraham Alberding.  He arrived on Ellis Island 10 Oct 1911 at the age of 21.  There were relatives already here, living in New York City, and he settled with them for a time.

I only knew the names of some of the siblings who immigrated, so the challenge began there. A generic search of the surname in the Ellis Island database helped a lot.  There is a column on the immigration form that the immigrant must fill out with the name and address of the relative or friend he or she is coming to see.  By looking at this column on immigration records, I could see which Alberdings listed brother, C.A. Alberding as the person they were joining in America. The next to immigrate was Elisabeth, who arrived on Ellis Island 6 Jul 1914 at the age of 17. I have yet to learn much about her, so that will have to come in another post. Living relatives remember her as Aunt Betty and say that she lived in Queens, New York.

After Elisabeth came Johan, who arrived on Ellis Island 23 Apr 1915.  He also settled in NYC and stayed there for the rest of his life. He married a woman named Elizabeth, maiden name not yet determined, Americanized his name to John, worked hard and was able to open a tuxedo rental shop in New York that he and his wife ran for many years.  Sadly, Johan, or John, died from a heart attack at the age of 48.  His wife ran the business successfully after his death.

Now, it gets really interesting.  The next family member to immigrate was my great-grandmother-in-law, Johanna Blitz or Blis Alberding.  She landed on Ellis Island 4 Dec 1916.  Her immigration papers list her as widowed and her “person” in the US was her son, C.A. Alberding.  There is also a column on the immigration papers for the immigrant to name their closest relative in the country of origin and Johanna listed “daughter, A. Kuyper” with an Amsterdam address.  Johanna married again not long after arriving in the US, a man named George Riede.  He was also a native of Holland, according to the 1920 Census, but no Ellis Island immigration information exists for him.  He was about 20 years younger than Johanna. They are found together in the 1920 Census in Queens, NY as the proprietors of a boarding house.

The family story is that Johanna placed her minor children in an orphanage in Amsterdam when she immigrated.  A family member has the paperwork on this and I am looking forward to seeing that.  She also left behind a married daughter, A. Kuyper, based on the information on her immigration papers.  At this point in the research, it wasn’t clear who else had been left behind.

Johanna was an astute businesswoman and reportedly bought several boarding houses.  As she prospered, she must have decided it was time to bring over the children she had left behind.  The next to immigrate was Antoon who arrived on Ellis Island 17 Apr 1921 at the age of 19.  On his immigration papers he listed the relative he was come to be with as “Parents: G. Riede-Alberding,” and the closest relative in The Netherlands as “Sister: A. Kuiper.”  There she is again, the mystery sister.  He Americanized his name to Anton and married Mae Bascom. They lived and died in Brooklyn, NY.

George arrived on Ellis Island 5 May 1922 at the age of 18.  On his immigration papers he listed the relative he was immigrating to be with as “Mother: G. Riede.”  Listed as the closest relative in Amsterdam was “Brother, J.P. Alberding.”  George married Adrianna Albers, an immigrant from The Hague, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands.  They settled in Toms River, Ocean County, New Jersey and both died in the 1980s.

1 Nov 1924, the youngest and last of the Alberding children to immigrate from Amsterdam were Hendrick, age 18, and Hendrika, age 13.  Johanna returned to Amsterdam in August of that year, presumably to make the arrangements to bring her youngest children over. Hendrika had been fostered in Amsterdam with a wealthy doctor’s family from the age of 5 until she was brought to the US at the age of 13.  Apparently she was treated as a daughter in that home and never got over being taken from the fine home and brought to America where she had to work for a living. According to family members who knew her, she never got over it until they day she died at 83. years of age.

On Hendrick and Hendrika’s immigration papers, they listed as the closest relative living in Amsterdam “Brother: J. P. Alberding.”  Now there is another brother to search for in Amsterdam. As the relative they are coming to be with, they listed “Mother: G. Riede.”

Hendrick became Hank and married Hermione Bascom, sister of the Mae Bascom who married his brother, Anton.  They settled in New Haven, Connecticut and had two children.   It is their daughter, Ellen, who has been a huge help to me in putting all of this together. Hendrika became “Rita” or “Ricki” depending on which relative was referring to her. She married Henry Muuse and they settled in Brick, Ocean County, New Jersey. Ricki and Henry had no children.

Much was revealed from these searches and just as many question were raised. When did    my great-grandfather-in-law, Coenraad Abraham Alberding, die in Amsterdam? Who are the other three children, A. Kuyper, J. P. Alberding, and another sister called Cory, all who remained in Amsterdam?

Chapter Two – Research in the City Archives of Amsterdam – coming soon.

A Heart Stopping Discovery – THE Family Bible

In the “About” section of this blog, I tell how it was a very, very old family Bible that got me started in genealogy about 17 years ago.  My mother handed me this crumbling Bible and said she really wanted to know how we are related to the people in the Bible.  It was given to her by her Aunt Mary Sue Thorne and we knew we were descended from the Foster family whose names and births were recorded on the pages.  I decided to find out and that led to the kind of research mania that only someone truly hooked on genealogy can understand.

I am currently working on our TURNER line and remembered that there was a mention of them in Dr. J.B.O. Landrum’s “History of Spartanburg County” published in 1906.  I pulled out my copy, that also came from Great Aunt Mary Sue Thorne, and started paging through it.  I found a letter tucked into the pages of the book that I had never noticed there before.  The letter was from my mother to Aunt Sue.  In the letter, she says, “Randy finally remembered to bring me the old Bible you gave me. It was in my cedar chest which is in his storage unit.”  My heart literally stopped beating for a moment.  Randy is my brother, and he was not very dependable at that time.  Unknown to us, he didn’t pay the bill for the unit and everything that was in that unit was lost to us.  I silently thanked my wonderful mother for badgering him to bring that Bible to her.  Had she not done that, that Bible would have been lost to us forever.

The Bible lists family records for William “Mill Creek Billy” Foster and his wife and children. It also lists records for Joseph Barnett, his wife, Lucy Wade and their children. There are also records for Micajah Barnett, son of Joseph and Lucy, his first wife and their children.

It wasn’t very difficult to find Barnett ancestors of Joseph Barnett. However, the mystery wasn’t solved, as they had no information linking our two families. The information about the Barnetts that is contained in the Bible was very exciting to the Barnett researchers, since this was the first source they had found for actual birth dates of some of the earlier Barnetts. Of course, they were also anxious to figure out why records for the two families are contained within the same Bible. As of yet, we haven’t been able to do this.  I did, only recently, find a link to the Barnetts through my Thorn(e) line.  I still have no clue as to why there are records for the Barnett family and the Foster family listed in the same old Bible.

A little about the Bible: The bible is in very poor condition. It is actually falling apart and is coming unbound. Many of the pages are crumbling.

The bible appears to me to have been rebound at some point in time. This rebinding appears to have been a “homemade” job. The pieces of cardboard that form the front and back covers have scribbling on them and are covered with thin pieces of leather sewn into place with heavy thread. The old and new testaments appear to have come from two different Bibles. As indicated from the copies of the old and new testament fly leaf pages, these two bibles have different publishers and different publication dates. Since the flyleaf page for the new testament is loose, it is possible that the page is from an entirely different bible. However, the styles of print and language used in the old and in the new testaments are completely different. This would indicate that two separate bibles were bound together.

Most of the Foster pages have come loose, but at least one is still attached to the Bible. Both of the Barnett pages are still attached. The only writing in the bible other than the family records recorded on the blank pages is the name “Malinda Foster” written on the top of one of the Genesis pages.

I am SO grateful this Bible was saved.  My next post about the Bible will be about the records contained it it.  Maybe someone out there has the missing information that will connect the Fosters and the Barnetts.

The Reid v Covert, Kinsella v Krueger Paper

First of all, I really wish I liked blogging more than I do.  I am a Research Junkie, not a blogging junkie.  The thing about blogging is that it gets the word out there and brings people to us that we never find any other way.  Several family members of the parties involved in the Supreme Court case commonly known as Reid have contacted me about this blog.  I have connected with cousins because of this blog.  I am going to make a concerted effort at the end of each day to recap my day’s research here so that sort of thing continues to happen.

As for the paper on the Supreme Court case that started this blog, I can tell you that my daughter got an A+ on the paper and Clarence Thomas said it by far the best paper turned in for the class.  The thing that impressed them all most was the way that the parties involved in the two cases combined for the sake of the Supreme Court hearing were humanized by the paper.  The family information, the facts about the people and the background on their families made the paper come to life for the readers.  Genealogy can even improve a Constitutional Law paper!

I wish I could give you more details, but I am sworn to secrecy on many of the facts we uncovered until the paper is published.  My daughter wants those special pieces of information to appear first in print in her paper.  I can say that I am very proud that my research and genealogy skills could help to make this paper so special.

I will end by saying thank you to those who contacted us and helped with information on the paper.  She still wants to hear from you as there is time to edit the paper before it is published.  I vow to try harder to update this blog daily with what is going on in my research. I want to meet more members of my family through this blog.

Bewitched, Bothered, and Bewildered

No blog post from me in four days.  I was ready to move on with more her Clarice Barksdale’s family tree – even had a unexpected break through in my research. Still, haven’t felt like writing about that.  I will – I promise I will.  The entire stories of the four families will be told here in as much detail as is possible.  Just not today.

It has been a tough week overall.  We have a 27-year-old cousin who became ill about 11 months ago.  She was diagnosed with hypoplastic myelodysplastic sydrome (MDS). A bone marrow transplant was her only hope.  She received the transplant in July, but we learned this week that she is losing her brave fight to GVHD. She went into Hospice care and it is now only a matter of time.  There is no comfort in losing a beautiful, charming, smart young life, but because of her, hundreds of people are now aware of the “Be the Match” bone marrow registry and have registered.  Many lives will be saved because Laura lived. She would like that.  There is no greater gift that one can give than the gift of life.

Laura and her husband, Army Captain Matt Gillette

Another Story that Bothers and Bewilders Me

Today, at Motlow Creek Baptist Church in Campobello, SC, a ceremony was held dedicating Confederate Memorials to two of my Great Great Grandfathers, buried in the cemetery there.  I live in Northern Virginia and was not able to make the trip, but a relative sent me the program, photos, and some short videos.  When I reading over the program, I was dumbstruck by the fact that part of the ceremony was a pledge of allegiance to the Confederate Flag and the singing of “Dixie Land”.  People in Confederate dress uniforms took part in the dedication.  While I understand we are proud of ancestors who served in a conflict they thought was right, times have changed. These two men were not wealthy slave owners.  They were common men who believed there was truth in the call to arms to fight for the South – they believed they were fighting for right.  Honoring my two great great grandfathers wasn’t wrong, but honoring them in that way strikes a wrong chord for me.  I am glad I didn’t go.

Bewitched, bothered, and bewildered describes how I feel tonight.  Perhaps tomorrow I can move on with my stories.